Linocut is a simple printmaking technique based on the principles of woodcut.
The motif is carved from a sheet of linoleum, which is often mounted on a piece of wood for easier handling. The artist carves away the areas, which are to appear unprinted on the paper. Ink is applied only to the surface of the linoleum, leaving the indentations free of ink. Paper is placed on top of the plate and pressure is applied by running it through the press or by rubbing the backside of the paper.
Linocuts differ from woodcuts only by the material the plate is made from. Linoleum is much softer and easier to cut than wood. It is a natural material made from resin and linseed oil. While the structure of wood can be important for the final look of a woodcut, linocuts are characterized by their evenness.